Orthodontics is used to treat malocclusion, which means having crooked teeth or a “poor bite.” One’s bite is the way the upper and lower teeth come together. In a proper bite, which is very rare, the upper teeth sit slightly frontward of the lower teeth. Malocclusion is sometimes a cosmetic problem, but crooked teeth are also hard to care for properly. This can lead to tooth decay, or even tooth loss.
The most common types of malocclusion are:
– Upper protrusion (overjet) – With an overjet, the upper front teeth are pushed forward. This can be caused by a small lower jaw or by thumb-sucking, which may cause the roof of the mouth to change shape. Upper protrusion is sometimes referred to as buck teeth.
– Spacing or crowding problems – If an individual has too much or too little room in their mouth, spacing or crowding problems can be caused. Crowding of the baby teeth can keep the permanent teeth from coming in properly or at all.
– Open bite – With an open bite, the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap, thus creating an opening straight into the mouth. An open bite can also be present on the side(s) of the mouth.
– Overbite – In the case of an overbite, the upper front teeth go too far down over the lower front teeth. In extreme cases, this causes the lower teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
– Underbite – If an underbite is present, the front lower teeth are farther forward than the front upper teeth.
– Cross bite – In the case of a cross bite, some or all of the upper teeth are on the wrong side of the lower teeth.
– Rotation – With rotation, a tooth is turned or tipped.
Please contact the office of Shabbir Adenwalla, DMD, MS today at 440-243-9575 for more information about treatments for malocclusion in Middleburg Heights, Ohio, and to set up an appointment with our orthodontist, Dr. Shabbir Adenwalla.